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Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the "Rajasthan Desert" and "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river creditcardonline.pwl: Jaipur. Hello Everyone, There are loads of you have huge experience intraveling in India and mainly I am intrested in Ashrams in Goa, Kerala I am traveling from mid March to.

Millions of them were killed trying to protect their land. Bhils once ruled Kota. Meenas were rulers of Bundi , Hadoti and the Dhundhar region. Rajput families rose to prominence in the 6th century AD. The Rajputs put up resistance to the Islamic invasions with their warfare and chivalry for centuries.

During the 12th century, the Turks and Afghans were able to get a firm grip on Punjab , Delhi and Bengal. The Rana's of Mewar led other kingdoms in its resistance to outside rule. Rana Hammir Singh , defeated the Tughlaq dynasty and recovered a large portion of Rajasthan. The ambitious Rana Sanga united the various Rajput clans and fought against the foreign powers in India. The defeat was due to betrayal by the Tomar king Silhadi of Raisen.

After Rana Sangas death there was no one who could check the rapid expansion of the Mughal Empire. Akbar killed 20 — 25, unarmed citizens in Chittor on the grounds that they had actively helped in the resistance. Maharana Pratap took an oath to avenge the citizens of Chittor, he fought the Mughal empire till his death and liberated most of Mewar apart from Chittor itself.

Maharana Pratap soon became the most celebrated warrior of Rajasthan and became famous all over India for his sporadic warfare and noble actions. According to Satish Chandra , "Rana Pratap's defiance of the mighty Mughal empire, almost alone and unaided by the other Rajput states, constitutes a glorious saga of Rajput valour and the spirit of self-sacrifice for cherished principles.

Rana Pratap's methods of sporadic warfare was later elaborated further by Malik Ambar, the Deccani general, and by Shivaji". Later an expedition was again sent under leadership of Prince Khurram , which caused much damage to life and property of Mewar. They took advantage of the Aravalli hills and caused heavy damage on the Mughal armies that were trying to occupy Rajasthan. After Aurangzebs death Bahadur Shah I tried to subjugate Rajasthan like his ancestors but his plan backfired when the three Rajput Raja 's of Amber , Udaipur and Jodhpur made a joint resistance to the Mughals.

The Rajputs first expelled the commandants of Jodhpur and Bayana and recovered Amer by a night attack. Over the years, the Mughals began to have internal disputes which greatly distracted them at times. The Mughal Empire continued to weaken, and with the decline of the Mughal Empire in the late 18th century, Rajputana came under the influence of the Marathas.

The Maratha Empire , which had replaced the Mughal Empire as the overlord of the subcontinent, was finally replaced by the British Empire in In the 19th century the Rajput kingdoms were exhausted, they had been drained financially and in manpower after continuous wars and due to heavy tributes exacted by the Maratha Empire. In order to save their kingdoms from instability, rebellions and banditry the Rajput kings concluded treaties with the British in the early 19th century, accepting British suzerainty and control over their external affairs in return for internal autonomy.

Modern Rajasthan includes most of Rajputana , which comprises the erstwhile nineteen princely states , two chiefships, and the British district of Ajmer-Merwara. Bharatpur and Dholpur were Jat princely states whereas Tonk was a princely state under a Muslim Nawab. Rajasthan's formerly independent kingdoms created a rich architectural and cultural heritage, seen even today in their numerous forts and palaces Mahals and Havelis , which are enriched by features of Rajput and Jain architecture.

The development of frescos in Rajasthan is linked with the history of the Marwaris Jodhpur-pali , who played a crucial role in the economic development of the region.

Mount Abu lies at the southwestern end of the range, separated from the main ranges by the West Banas River , although a series of broken ridges continues into Haryana in the direction of Delhi where it can be seen as outcrops in the form of the Raisina Hill and the ridges farther north.

About three-fifths of Rajasthan lies northwest of the Aravallis, leaving two-fifths on the east and south direction. The northwestern portion of Rajasthan is generally sandy and dry.

Most of this region is covered by the Thar Desert which extends into adjoining portions of Pakistan.

The Aravalli Range does not intercept the moisture-giving southwest monsoon winds off the Arabian Sea , as it lies in a direction parallel to that of the coming monsoon winds, leaving the northwestern region in a rain shadow. The Thar Desert is thinly populated; the town of Jodhpur is the largest city in the desert and known as the gateway of thar desert.

This area is also important defence point of view. Jodhpur airbase is Indias largest airbase and military, BSF bases are also situated here. A single civil airport is also situated in Jodhpur. The Northwestern thorn scrub forests lie in a band around the Thar Desert, between the desert and the Aravallis. The Godwar , Marwar , and Shekhawati regions lie in the thorn scrub forest zone, along with the city of Jodhpur. The Luni River and its tributaries are the major river system of Godwar and Marwar regions, draining the western slopes of the Aravallis and emptying southwest into the great Rann of Kutch wetland in neighbouring Gujarat.

This river is saline in the lower reaches and remains potable only up to Balotara in Barmer district. The Ghaggar River , which originates in Haryana , is an intermittent stream that disappears into the sands of the Thar Desert in the northern corner of the state and is seen as a remnant of the primitive Sarasvati river.

The Aravalli Range and the lands to the east and southeast of the range are generally more fertile and better watered. This region is home to the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion, with tropical dry broadleaf forests that include teak , Acacia , and other trees. The hilly Vagad region, home to the cities of Dungarpur and Banswara lies in southernmost Rajasthan, on the border with Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.

With the exception of Mount Abu, Vagad is the wettest region in Rajasthan, and the most heavily forested. North of Vagad lies the Mewar region, home to the cities of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh. The Hadoti region lies to the southeast, on the border with Madhya Pradesh. North of Hadoti and Mewar lies the Dhundhar region, home to the state capital of Jaipur. Mewat , the easternmost region of Rajasthan, borders Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Eastern and southeastern Rajasthan is drained by the Banas and Chambal rivers, tributaries of the Ganges. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little water but improves gradually from desert land in the far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and habitable land towards the east.

The area includes the Thar Desert. In the southeast, a large area within the districts of Kota and Bundi forms a tableland. To the northeast of these districts is a rugged region badlands following the line of the Chambal River. Farther north the country levels out; the flat plains of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of an alluvial basin.

Merta City lies in the geographical centre of Rajasthan. Though a large percentage of the total area is desert with little forest cover, Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna.

These occur in small clumps scattered in a more or less open form. The density and size of patches increase from west to east following the increase in rainfall. Seashells and massive fossilised tree trunks in this park record the geological history of the desert. The region is a haven for migratory and resident birds of the desert.

One can see many eagles , harriers , falcons , buzzards , kestrels and vultures. Short-toed snake eagles Circaetus gallicus , tawny eagles Aquila rapax , spotted eagles Aquila clanga , laggar falcons Falco jugger and kestrels are the commonest of these. The Ranthambore National Park located in Sawai Madhopur , [39] one of the well known tiger reserves in the country, became a part of Project Tiger in The Dhosi Hill located in the district of Jhunjunu, known as 'Chayvan Rishi's Ashram', where ' Chyawanprash ' was formulated for the first time, has unique and rare herbs growing.

The area was declared a national park in This sanctuary is home to a large population of blackbuck. Desert foxes and the caracal , an apex predator , also known as the desert lynx , can also be spotted, along with birds such as the partridge and sand grouse. Rajasthan is also noted for its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There are four national park and wildlife sanctuaries: A national level institute, Arid Forest Research Institute AFRI an autonomous institute of the ministry of forestry is situated in Jodhpur and continuously work on desert flora and their conservation.

At one point, due to poaching and negligence, tigers became extinct at Sariska, but five tigers have been relocated there. Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts within seven divisions:.

Rajasthan's economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are cultivated over large areas, as are pulses , sugarcane , and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are the state's cash crops.

Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool -producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer.

There are mainly two crop seasons. The water for irrigation comes from wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan. The main industries are mineral based, agriculture based, and textile based. Rajasthan is the second largest producer of polyester fibre in India.

Several prominent chemical and engineering companies are located in the city of Kota , in southern Rajasthan. Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India.

The Taj Mahal was built from the white marble which was mined from a town called Makrana. The state is the second largest source of cement in India. It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar , copper mines at Khetri , Jhunjhunu , and zinc mines at Dariba, Zawar mines and Rampura Agucha opencast near Bhilwara.

Dimensional stone mining is also undertaken in Rajasthan. Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings and residential buildings. This stone is termed as "chittar patthar". Jodhpur leads in Handicraft and Guar Gum industry. Rajasthan is also a part of the Mumbai-Delhi Industrial corridor is set to benefit economically.

Rajasthan is [ when? The government of India has given permission to extract , barrels of crude per day from Barmer region which is now , barrels per day. Once this limit is achieved Rajasthan will become a leader in Crude extraction in Country. Bombay High leads with a production of , barrels crude per day. Once the limit of , barrels per day is reached, the overall production of the country will increase by 15 percent. Cairn India is doing the work of exploration and extraction of crude oil in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan also has reserves of low-silica limestone. Rajasthan is the largest producer of barley , mustard , pearl millet , coriander , fenugreek and guar in India. BhamaShah Mandi in Kota district is the Asia's largest mandi or market of coriander.

Rajasthan is major producer of aloe vera , amla , oranges leading producer of maize , groundnut. Rajasthan is 2nd in production of cumin , gram and 3rd in seed spices. The current production of olives in the state is around — tonnes annually. Rajasthan is India's second largest producer of milk. Rajasthan has dairy co-operative societies. Rajasthan is connected by many national highways.

Most renowned being NH 8 , which is India's first 4—8 lane highway. All chief cities are connected by air, rail and road. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. Rajasthan is connected with the main cities of India by rail. However, this is not open to foreign nationals. Now in March ,75 per cent of all national highways being built in Rajasthan according to the public works minister of Rajasthan.

Religion in Rajasthan [49]. According to final results of Census of India , Rajasthan has a total population of 68,, The state of Rajasthan is also populated by Sindhis , who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province now in Pakistan during the India-Pakistan separation in As for religion, Rajasthan's residents are mainly Hindus , who account for Muslims make up 9.

Languages in Rajasthan Census [10]. Hindi is the official and the most widely spoken language in the state Rajasthani and various Rajasthani dialects are counted under Hindi in the national census. In the census, standard Rajasthani had over 18 million speakers, [51] as well as millions of other speakers of Rajasthani dialects, such as Marwari.

The languages taught under the three-language formula are: Gujarati, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi or Urdu. Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life.

There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which are often depicted as a symbol of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music has songs that depict day-to-day relationships and chores, often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds. Rajasthani cooking was influenced by both the war-like lifestyles of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this arid region.

Food that could last for several days and could be eaten without heating was preferred. The scarcity of water and fresh green vegetables have all had their effect on the cooking.

It is known for its snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia. Other famous dishes include bajre ki roti millet bread and lahsun ki chutney hot garlic paste , mawa kachori Mirchi Bada , Pyaaj Kachori and ghevar from Jodhpur, Alwar ka Mawa Milk Cake , Kadhi kachori from Ajmer, malpauas from Pushkar, Daal kachori Kota kachori from Kota and rassgollas from Bikaner.

Originating from the Marwar region of the state is the concept Marwari Bhojnalaya , or vegetarian restaurants, today found in many parts of India, which offer vegetarian food of the Marwari people. Dal-Bati-Churma is very popular in Rajasthan. The traditional way to serve it is to first coarsely mash the Baati then pour pure Ghee on top of it.

It is served with the daal lentils and spicy garlic chutney. Also served with Besan gram flour ki kadi. It is commonly served at all festivities, including religious occasions, wedding ceremonies, and birthday parties in Rajasthan.

It is a typical Rajasthani dish. The Ghoomar dance from Jodhpur Marwar and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a large part of Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis which are often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak , sitar , and sarangi are also sung.

Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colourful art. The block prints, tie and dye prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, and Zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan.

Handicraft items like wooden furniture and crafts, carpets, and blue pottery are commonly found here. Shopping reflects the colourful culture, Rajasthani clothes have a lot of mirror work and embroidery. Rajasthan, one of the most popular tourist attractions among. India is home to many National parks and Wildlife sancturies within diversity of its wildlife, much of its unique fauna and excels in the range.

India is worldly known as a land vibrant celebration; one can see the culture and life of India during the celebrations of various fair and festivals, celebrated with high sprit in each and every town in India. By and large the flow of festivals continues through out the year in.

We have the same feeling regarding Arjun's great help everyday and timely transportation and management. Once again, many thanks for all the hard work you and your team put into managing our holiday so well and efficiently. Welcome to India Cultural echoes, delighting diversity and traditional warmth signifies this South Asian state, India. About India Culture The culture of India is one of the oldest and unique. Heritage India is a well known for its ancient heritage and culture. Rajasthan, one of the most popular tourist attractions among more..

Wildlife India is home to many National parks and Wildlife sancturies within diversity of its wildlife, much of its unique fauna and excels in the range. By and large the flow of festivals continues through out the year in more..

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Bikaner district Churu district Sri Ganganagar district Hanumangarh district.

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